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石油百科 > 实用英语

石油钻井业常用专业词汇
中国石油新闻中心 [ 2007-04-16 16:50 ]


A
氨基三乙酸(NTA) || aminotriacetic acid
胺基 || amino
铵基 || ammonium
安全地层 || safe formation
安全试破 || safe destruction
安全钻井 || safe drilling
坳陷 || down warping region
螯合 || chelation
凹陷 || sag
凹陷地层 || subsidence formation
奥陶系 || Ordovician system
API模拟法 || API recommened method

B
多靶点 || multiple target point
白沥青 || white asphalt
白油 || mineral oil
白云母 || white mica
半透膜 || semipermeable membrane
包被絮凝剂 || flocculant
包被 || envelop
包被抑制性 || encapsulating ability
饱和度 || saturation
饱和度剖面图 || profile map of degree of saturation
饱和盐水 || saturated salt water
背斜 || anticlinal
钡 || barium
苯环 || benzene ring
苯酚 || phenyl hydroxide
本质区别 || essential difference
泵压过高 || overhigh pumping pressure
比表面积 || specific surface area
比吸水量 || specific absorption
比重瓶法 || density bottle method
避免 || avoid
蓖麻油 || ricinus oil
边界摩擦 || boundary friction
扁藻(浮游植物) || algae
变化趋势 || variation trend
标准化 || standardization
标准粘度测量 || standard visicosity measure
表面粗糙度 || roughness of the surface
表面电位 || surface electric potential
表面活性剂 || surfactant ,surface active agent
表面能 || interface energy
表面粘度 || surface viscosity
表面抛光 || sample surface
Aibbs表面弹性 || Aibbs surface elasticity
表面张力 || surface tension
表明 || verify /reveal
表皮系数(S) || skin coefficient
憋钻 || bit bouncing
宾汉方程 || bingham equation
丙三醇 || glycerine
丙烯情 || acrylonitrile
丙烯酸 || acrylic acid
丙烯酸盐 || acrylate
丙烯酰胺 || acrylamide
薄而韧的泥饼 || thin,plastic and compacted mud-cake ||
薄片 || flake
薄弱地层 || weak formation
泊松比 || poisson’s ratio
剥离 || peel off
补救 || remediation
不分散泥浆 || nondispersed mud
不干扰地质录井 || play no role in geological logging
不均质储层 || heterogeneous reservoir
不均匀 || uneven
不可逆 || irreversible
不同程度 || inordinately
部分水解聚丙烯酰胺(PHPA) || partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide

C
参数优选 || parametric optimization
残酸 || reacted acid
残余饱和度 || residual staturation
残渣 || gel residue , solid residue
测量 || measure
侧链 || side chain
侧钻水平井 || sidetrack horizontal well
层间 || interlayer
层间距 || the distance between the two crystal layer, layer distance
层理 || bedding
层流 || layer flow
差减法 || minusing
尝试 || trial
柴油 || diesel oil
长连缔合物 || long chain associated matter
操作方法 || operation method
超伸井 || high deep well
超深预探井 || ultradeep prospecting well
超声波 || ultrasonography
超高密度泥浆 || extremely high density mud
超细碳酸钙 || super-fine calcium carbonate
产层 || production/pay zone
产层亏空 || reservoir voidage
产量 || production ,output
沉淀 || precipitation
沉降 || subside
沉降速度 || settling rate
沉砂 || sand setting
衬套 || sleeve
程序 || program
成对水平井 || paired parallel horizontal wells
成分 || ingredient
成胶剂 || gelatinizing agent
成膜树脂 || film-forming resin
成岩性差 || poor diagenetic grade
承压 || bearing pressure
承压低 || lower pressure resistance
承压能力 || loading capacity
尺寸 || dimension
斥力 || repulsion
除硫效果 || sulfur limitation effect
除硫剂 || sulfur elimination
除砂器 || desander
触变性 || thixotropy
触变剂 || thixotropic agent
垂沉 || sag
垂直井 || vertical well
充气钻井液 || aerated drilling fluid
磁化 || magnetization
次生有机阳离子聚合物 || secondary organic cationic polymer
冲砂 || sand removal
冲蚀 || flush
冲刷 || washing out
冲洗 || clean
冲洗效率 || cleaning efficiency
冲洗液 || washing fluid
从…角度 || from the standpoint of
丛式井 || cluster well
稠化剂 || gelling agent
稠油区 || viscous oil area
稠油藏 || high oil reservoir
初步分析 || preliminary analysis
初始稠度 || initial consistency
初始粘度 || initial viscosity
初探 || primary investigation
处理剂 || additive ,treating-agent
粗分散泥浆 || coarse dispersed mud
粗泡沫堵漏工艺 || coarse-foam plugging technology
促凝剂 || accelerating agent
醋酸 || acetate
醋酸钠 || sodium acetate
窜流 || fluid channeling
脆裂 || embrittlement crack
脆性 || brittle/crisp ,fragility
催化剂 || accelerant , catalyst
萃取剂 || extracting agent

D
达西定律 || Darcy’s equation
大段水层 || thick aqueous formation
大分子氢键络合作用 || polycomplexation of hydrogen bond
大灰量 || mass slurry
大井斜角 || high deviation angle
大块岩样 || big rock sample
大块钻屑 || massive drilling cuttings
大类 || genera
大理石 || marble
大砾石层 || large gravel bed
大量分析 || quantitative analysis
大排量洗井 || high flow rate washover
大排量循环 || high flow rate circulation
大位移定向井 || extended-reach directional well
大斜度钻井 || big inclination/angle drilling
大直径井眼 || large hole
代表性岩心 || representive core sample
单宁酸 || tannate
单体 || monomer
单相关分析法 || analyzing method of single correlation
单相关系数加权 || coefficient weighted method of single correlation
单轴抗压强度 || uniaxial compressive strength
氮 || nitrogen
N-羟甲剂胺 || N-hydroxymethyl amine
淡水 || fresh water
单向压力暂堵剂 || unidirectional pressure temporary plugging additive
导向螺杆钻具 || stearable assemly
导向器 || guider
等温曲线 || isothermal curve
低毒油基 || low toxicity oil based
低返速 || low return-velocity
低固相泥浆 || low solid drilling fluid
低级醛 || low-grade aldehyde
低粘土相泥浆 || low clay content drilling fluid
狄塞尔堵漏剂 || diacel plugging agent
滴定 || titration
底水丰富 || basal water abundance
底水油藏井 || bottom water reservoir well
第二界面 || second contact surface
缔合物 || associated matter
地层 || formation
地层出液量 || formation fluid production
地层破碎 || straturn breaking
地层倾角大 || higher formation clination
地层水 || formation water
地层损害 || formation damage
地面岩心压汞 || surface core mercury injection test
地下水 || groundwater , subsurface water
地应力 || ground stress
地质 || geology
地质构造 || geologic structure
淀粉 || starch
电测 || electronic logging
电导率 || electric conductivity
电荷 || electricity
电化学法 || electrochemistry method
电解质 || electrolyte
电镜分析 || electronic microscope photos
电位 || potential fall
ξ电位 || zeta potential
电性 || electric property
电泳法 || electrophoresis method
电子探针 || electron spectrum
调查 || census
顶替过程 || displacing operation
定量设计 || quantitative design
定向井 || direction well
定子 || stator
冻胶 || gel
动静弹性模量 || dynamic and static elasticity modulus
动力稳定性 || settling stability
动力学 || kinetics
动态滤失 || dynamic filtration
动切力 || yield value
动塑比 || ratio of dynamic shear force/yield value to plastic viscosity
堵漏 || plugging
堵塞 || seal
堵塞比(DR) || damage ratio
堵塞物 || bulkhead
堵水 || water shutoff
毒性大 || high toxicity
毒性污染环境 || toxicity ruins the environment
短过渡 || short transition time
短纤维 || brief fiber
断层发育 || mature fault
断裂带 || faulted zone
对策 || countermeasure
多产层 || multilayered reservoir
多分支侧钻井 || multi-lateral sidetracking well
多功能添加剂 || multifunction additive
多孔介质 || porons medium
多目标定向井 || multi-target directional well
多相稳态胶体悬浮体系 || polynomial gel suspension system
多元醇 || polyatomic alcohol
多元非线性回归 || multielement non-linesr regression
多元统计 || multivariate statistics
惰性材料 || inert material
惰性润滑剂 || inert lubricant

E
二次沉淀 || secondary precipitation
二叠系 || Permian system
二甲胺 || dimethylamine
二甲基二烯丙基氯化铵 || dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride
二价阳离子 || bivalent ion
二开 || second section
二氧化碳(CO2) carbon dioxide
二元共聚物 || binary polymer

F
发气剂 || gas-development
发展趋势 || development tendency
反排解堵 || plug removal by reverse flow
范氏力 || van der waals force
范氏粘度计 || fann viscosimeter
返回 || go back to
方便钻井液复合粉 || convenient mud compound powder
方程 || equation
芳香烃 || aromatic group
防窜水泥 || anti-fluid-channeling cement
防腐 || anti-corrosion
防卡 || pipe-sticking prevention ,anti-sticking
防漏失 || lost circulation prevention
防气窜 || anti-fluid-channeling
防塌机理 || mechanism of anti-caving
防塌剂 || anti-caving/collapse agent , clay stabilizer
防止 || prevent…from
纺织 || textile
放空不返 || loss of bit load with loss return
放射性示踪剂 || radioactive tracer tritium
非均质 || nonhomogeneity
非离子 || nonionic
非牛顿流体 || non-newtonian fluid
非渗透性 || impervious
废泥浆 || mud disposal
沸石 || zeolite
分布 || distribution
分段固井技术 || stage cementing technology
分光度法 || spectrophotometer
分类 || division
分散 || dispersion
分散剂 || dispersant
分散介质 || dispersion medium
分析 || analysis
分形理论 || fractal theory
分形几何 || fractal geometry
分子 || molecules
分子间能量交换 || energy exchange between molecules
分子量 || molecular weight
分子链 || molecular chain
分子形态 || shape of molecular chain
粉尘 || dust
粉煤灰 || fly ash
粉末 || powder
粉砂质 || aleuritic texture
酚羟基的邻位或对位氢 || p-or o-hydrogen atom of phenolic group
封闭剂 || sealing agent
封闭稳定 || good isolation
封堵 || formation sealing
封堵剂 || formation sealant
封固段 || interval isolation
扶正器 || centralizer
氟硼酸 || borofluorhydric
浮力效应 || effect of buoyancy
孵化速度 || incubation
浮游植物 || floating vegetation
复合 || combine
复合离子 || multifunctional ionic
复合离子聚合物 || amphiprotic/amphoteric polymers ,
复合金属两性离子聚合物 || composite metal zwitterionic polymer
复合聚合物泥浆 || compound-polymer mud
复配方案 || compositional formulation
复杂地层 || complex formation, troublesome region ,trick formation
复杂度 || complex rate
复杂时效 || outage time
复杂情况 || down-hole troublesome condition
腐蚀 || corrosion
腐蚀电位 || corrosion potential
腐蚀速率 || corrosion rate
腐殖酸 || humate ,humic acid
腐殖酸钾(KHm) || potassium humic
辅料 || auxiliary material
负 || negative ||
负压钻井 || underbalanced drilling
符合 || accord with
符合率 || coincidence || rate
副产品 || by-product
附加密度 || addition mud density

G
改善泥饼质量 || improvement of mud cake
改性 || modification
改性淀粉 || modified starch
改性沥青 || modified asphalt
改造 || refomation
钙 || calcium
钙矾石 || ettringite
钙膨润土钠化 || sodium modified calcium betonite ||
干混拌技术 || mixing technology
干扰 || interfere with
甘油 || glycerol
锆 || zirconium
高分子 || higher molecular weight
高分子聚合物 || macromoleclar polymer ||
高分子絮凝剂 || polymer flocculant
高负荷 || high load
高级脂肪醇树脂 || higher fatty alcohol
高价金属阳离子 || high valent cationic
高角度微裂缝 || high angle micro-fracture
高矿化度地层水 || highly mineralized formation brines
高岭土 || kaolinite
高炉矿渣(BFS) || blast furnace slag
高密度钻井液 || high density drilling fluid
高难度 || high challenge
高粘度清扫液 || viscous sweeping fluid
高砂比 || high sand ratio
高温静置 || quiescence in high temperature
高温泥浆 || high-temperature mud
高吸水量树脂 || absorbent resin
高温高压流变仪 || HTHP rheometer
高效润滑剂 || super lubricant
高压盐水层 || high pressured slatwater layer
膏岩层 || gypsolyte
膏质泥岩 || creaming mudstone
膏状磺化沥青 || paste sulphonated asphalt
隔离冲洗液 || spacer/flushing fluid
隔离膜 || isolating membrane
各向异性 || anisotropy
工程 || engineering
共聚 || copolymerization
共聚物 || copolymer
共聚物类降粘剂 || copolymer thinner
狗腿 || dogleg
构造裂缝 || structural fracture
固化 || solidification
固化剂 || hardener , curing agent
固井技术 || cementing technology
固体团块 || solid cake
固相 || solid phase
固相含量 || solid concentration
固相颗粒 || solid particles
固相颗粒侵入 || solid invasion
固相控制技术 || solid control technology
固相损害 || damage of particles
固液分离技术 || centrifugal separation method
胍胶 || guargum
瓜尔胶 || guar
挂片失重法 || weight loss method ||
关掉电机 || turn off the power
光谱 || spectroscopy
硅 || silicone
硅粉 || silica powder
硅氟 || fluosilicic
硅铝比 || ratio of silicate to aluminium
硅酸钠 || sodium silicate
硅酸盐 || silicate
滚轮失重法 || roller weight loss method
国内外 || home and abroad
过渡金属 || transitional metal
过平衡压力 || over-balanced pressure
过剩浓度 || residual concentration
过氧化物 || peroxide

H
海绿石 || chlorite
海上 || offshore
海水泥浆 || sea water mud
海湾 || bay
海洋生物 || marine animal
含量 || content
含水量 || moisture content
耗氧量(COD) || chemical oxygen demand
耗氧量(BOD520) || biological oxygen demand
核桃壳粉 || walnut shell flour
核磁共振(NMR) || nuclear magnetic resonance
合成 || synthesis
合成基钻井液 || synthetic base drilling fluid
合格 || eligible
合理级配 || reasonable distribution
褐煤 || lignite
赫巴模式 || Herschel-Buckley model
黑色正电胶(BPG) || black positive gel
恒定滤失速率 || constant filtration rate
葫芦串 || irregular borehole
护胶剂 || colloid protecting resistance
护胶作用 || colloid stability
互层 || interbeded
红外光谱 || infrared spectrography
花岗岩 || granite
划眼作业 || reaming operation
化学螯合剂 || chelating agent
化学冲洗液 || chemically washing solution
化学结垢(沉淀) || chemical precipitation
环保型 || environment friendly /acceptable
环境保护 || environment protection
环空当量密度 || annular equivalent density
环空返速 || velocity in annular
环空压耗 || annular pressure lost
环氧丙烷 || epoxypropare
环氧氯丙烷(ECH) || epoxy chloropropane ,epichlorohydric
缓蚀剂 || corrosion inhibitor
磺化 || sulfonation
磺化酚醛树脂 || sulfomethal phenolaldehy resin
磺化剂 || sulfonating agent
磺化类处理剂 || sulfonated additives
磺化沥青 || sulfonated gilsonite
磺化沥青泥浆 || sulfonated-asphalt mud
磺甲基酚醛树脂 || sulfonated methypheuo formald-ehyde
磺酸基团 || sulfonic acid group ,sulfo group
灰色关联分析法 || gray relative analysis method
灰岩 || limestone
回归分析 || regressive analysis
回收率 || recovery percent
回填还耕 || refilling for plowland
火成岩 || igneous rock
火山喷发岩 || volcanic
混合金属层状氢氧化物(MMLHC) || mixed metal layer hydroxide compound
混合金属氢氧化物(MMH) || mixed metal hydroxides
混合纤维 || composite fiber
混合盐水 || mixed salt
活动套管 || moving casing
活度 || water activity
活性硅灰 || activated grammite
活性粘土矿物 || active clayey mineral
活性污泥法 || activated sludge process
宏观 || macroscopic

J
基液 || base fluid
机械力 || mechanical
机械杂质 || mechanical impurity
机械钻速(ROP) || rate of penetrate
及时反出 || timely return
极限剪切粘度 || high shear viscosity
极限应变 || ultimate strain
极性基团 || polar group
极压润滑剂 || pressured/extreme || lubricator
挤堵 || squeeze
激光多普勒测速仪(LDA) || laser Doppler anemometer
激光粒度仪 || laser particle analyzer
激活剂 || activator
技术措施 || technical measure
技术讲座 || workshop for technology
技术经济效果 || technical-economic effect
技术套管 || intermediate casing
季铵盐 || quaternary ammonium, anionic group
钾 || potassium ,kalium
钾基石灰泥浆 || potassium base lime mud
甲硅烷基化处理 || methylsilicane
甲基 || methyl
甲基硅油聚磺高密度钻井液 || methyl silicone oil polysulfonate
drilling fluid with high density
甲醛 || formaldehyde , methanal
甲酸盐 || formate
加量 || dosage
加重剂 || heavy weight additive
加重泥浆 || weighted mud
加重钻井液“垂沉” || sag phenomenon of weighted drilling fluid
架桥粒子 || bridge particle
价数 || valence
监督 || supervision
碱 || alkali
简化泥浆处理 || simplify mud treatment
简介 || brief description
检查井 || inspection well
检测 || inspection/monitor
减轻剂 || lightening admixture
减阻剂 || anti-friction agent , drag reducer
剪切破坏 || shear failure
剪切稀释能力 || shear thinning property , shearing dilution
剪切应力 || shear stress
键 || bond
健康,安全与环境(HSE) || health , safety and environment
间隙 || clearance
降解产物 || degradation products

K
卡森方程 || Casson equation
卡钻 || pipe-sticking
卡钻因子 || stuck-pipe factor
勘探与开发 || exploration and development
开发井 || development well
开钻泥浆 || spud mud
抗冲击韧性 || toughness
抗冲击性 || impact resistance
抗电解质 || potential resistance to electrolyte contamination
抗钙 || compatibility of calcium
抗裂程度 || rupture strength
抗温抗盐 || heat and salinity tolerance
抗压强度 || compressive strength
抗折强度 || breaking strength
栲胶 || tannin , quebrocho
克 || gram
颗粒 || particle
颗粒级配理论 || theory of granulartity
苛刻 || rigorous
可变形粒子 || deformation particle
可靠 || inerrable
可逆 || reversible
可溶性盐 || soluble salt
可压缩性 || compressibility
可用性 || feasibility
可钻性 || drillability
刻度盘 || dial scale
坑内密封法 || seal in a pit
空气湿度 || air humidity
孔洞 || cavern
孔喉 || pore throat
孔隙 || pore
孔隙度测井 || porosity log
孔隙压力 || pore pressure
孔隙液 || pore fluid
快钻剂 || quick drilling
矿化度 || mineral salt concentration , mineralization
矿石 || ore
矿物 || mineral
矿物组分 || mineralogical composation
矿物晶体 || mineral crystal
矿物油 || mineral oil
矿渣 || slag
扩散 || diffusion

L
老化时间 || ageing time
老区 || maturing field
雷诺数 || Renault number
类别 || category
累计厚度 || gross thickness
累托石 || rectorite
沥青 || asphalt ,gilsonite,bitumen
沥青类产品 || gilsonite and similar materials
离心法敏感性评价 || centrifugation sensitivity evaluation
离心机 || centrifugal machine
离心机固控技术 || centrifugal solid control
离子 || ionic
离子形态 || ionic forms
粒度 || grain grade
粒度分布 || particles/size distribution
粒度分析 || particles size analysis
粒子 || particle
砾石充填 || gravel pack
连通性 || formation communication
连续提取法 || continuous extraction
两凝水泥浆 || two-stage cementing cement
两性离子 || zwitter ionic
裂缝 || fissure
裂缝壁 || side of fracture plugging
裂隙地层 || fractured formation
裂隙滞后效应 || fracture lag-effect
邻井 || offset/adjacent well
林产 || forestry
淋洗量 || wash out amount
磷 || phosphorus
磷酸 || phosphate
磷酸氢二铵 || diammonium phosphate
磷酸盐 || phosphate || salt
磷酸酯 || organic phosphate
临界点 || critical point
临界环空流速 || critical annular fluid velocity
临界流量 || critical flow velocity
临界盐度 || critical salinity
零点 || zero point
零析水 || zero free water
硫 || sulfur
硫化氢 || hydrogen sulfide
硫化物 || sulfide
硫酸 || sulfate
硫酸钠 || sodium sulphate
流变参数 || reheological parameter
流变模式 || reheology model
流变性 || rheology behavior
流变性能改进剂 || rheology conditioner
流变学 || rheology
流动度 || fluidity
流动介质 || flow media
流动孔喉 || flowing pore throat
流动摩阻压力 || flowage friction drag
流动实验 || flow test
流动阻力 || flow resistance
流沙层 || drift sand formation
流态 || flow pattern
流体力学 || hydromechanics theory
流体输送减阻 || accelerating fluid feeding
流型 || fluid type
漏斗粘度 || funnel viscosity
漏失 || lost circulation
漏失层位 || location of the thief zone
漏失通道 || porous media
陆上 || onshore
卤虫 (甲壳类动物) || crustacean
卤水 || bitter
铬 || chromium
络合 || coordination ,chelate
络合行为热效应 || thermal effect of the coordination
录井 || log
裸眼 || open well
裸眼井段 || barefoot interval
滤饼 || filter cake
滤失量 || filtration
滤饼电性质 || electro kinetic property
滤液 || filtrate
滤液侵入 || filtrate invasion
铝 || aluminum
铝酸盐 || aluminate
氯酚 || chlophenol
氯化钙(CaCl2) || calcium chloride
氯化物 || chloride
KCl溶液 || potassium chloride solution

M
马来酸酐 || maleic anhydride
埋深 || burial depth
满足…需要 || meet requirement of
曼尼希反应 || Mannick reaction
芒硝层 || chuco
毛细管吸收时间测定仪(CST) || capillary suction timer
毛细管压力 || capillary pressure
酶 || enzyme
煤层 || coal bed
煤层气储层 || coalbed methane reservoir
镁 || magnesium
门限流动压差 || threshold differential pressure of flow
蒙脱石 || smectite
咪错基 || imidazoline
醚基 || ether
密胺树脂 || melamine resin
密闭液 || sealing fluid
密度 || density
密实 || dense
幂律模式 || power law method
敏感性 || sensitivity
敏感性流动实验 || flowrate test
膜 || film , membrane
磨铣 || mill
摩擦 || friction
摩擦付 || friction couples
摩擦系数 || friction coefficient
摩阻损失 || friction loss
末端毛细管阻力 || terminal capillary pressure
木质素磺酸盐 || lignosulfonate
模拟 || analog, simulate
模式(型) || model
目 || mesh

N
纳米材料 || nano-composite material
纳米技术 || nano-tech
钠 || sodium
钠化 || sodium treatment
钠膨润土泥浆 || sodium bentonite mud
囊衣 || capsule dressing
囊芯 || capsule-core
内聚力 || cohesion
内摩擦角 || internal frictional angle
内泥饼 || internal filter cake
内切圆半径 inscribed circle radius
内烯烃 || isomerised || olefins
内源和外源颗粒 || endogenous and exogenous granula
内在因素 || intermediate factor
能量交换 || energy exchange
泥包 || bit balling
泥饼 || mud-cake
泥饼强度冲刷仪 || mud filter cake tester
泥浆处理 || mud treatment
泥浆跟踪剂 || mud tracer
泥浆配方 || mud formula
泥浆转化为水泥浆(MTC) || mud to cement
泥岩 || mudstone , conglomerate

泥页岩 || shale , || argillutite
泥质膏岩 || argillaceous
粘度 || viscosity
粘度极大值 || maximum viscosity
粘度计 || viscosimeter
粘附 || adhere
粘附张力 || adhesive tension
粘弹性 || viscoelastic
粘土 || clay
粘土分级评价法 || method of grading mud-making clay
粘土矿物层间距(d001) || crystal || indices
粘土矿物含量 || clay mineral content
粘土片 || clay latice
粘土膨胀 || clay swelling
粘土膨胀倍数 || swelling ratio of clays
粘土稳定性 || clay stability
粘性流体 || viscous fluid
柠檬酸 || citric acid
凝固点 || freezing point
凝析油 || condensate oil
牛顿流体 || Newtonian fluid
扭距 || torque
浓度 || concentration
浓硫酸 || strong sulfuric
浓缩 || concentration


P
排列 || line along
排驱压力 || displacement pressure
排水 || water draining
剖面图 || profile map
泡沫流体实验装置 || aerated fluid test simulator
泡沫剂 || foaming agent
泡沫衰变机理 || foam decay mechanism
泡沫质量 || foam quality
泡沫钻井液 || foam drilling fluid
配方 || formula ,recipe ,composition
配浆时间 || drilling fluid preparing time
配位体 || ligand
配伍性 || compatibility
配制 || madeup
盆地 || basin
喷 || blowout
喷射钻井 || jet drilling
喷嘴粘度 || nozzle viscosity
膨润土 || bentonite ,montmorillonite
膨润土含量 || bentonite content
膨胀 || swell
膨胀剂 || sweller
膨胀率 || expansion ratio
膨胀性堵漏材料 || expandable plugging additives
硼冻胶 || boracium gel
硼砂 || borax
硼酸盐 || borate
偏心度 || excentricity
偏移 || shift
片麻岩 || gneiss
漂珠 || hollow microsphere
品种 || variety
平衡线膨胀率 || equalibrium linear expansion value
平衡压力钻井 || balanced drilling
评价 || evaluation
评价标准 || evaluation criterion
评价井 || appraisal well
平板型层流 || plate laminar flow
平均井深 || average well depth
平均线膨胀率 || average expansion rate
平均直径 || mean diameter
屏蔽环 || shielding zone
屏蔽暂堵技术 || temporary shielding method ,barrier-building temporary seal incores
破胶剂 || gel breaker
破胶性 || breaking property
破裂压力 || fracture pressure
破裂压力梯度 || fracture pressure gradient
破乳 || break the emulsion
破乳剂 || demulsifying agent
葡萄糖 || glucose

Q
起到重要作用 || play an important role
起泡剂 || frothing agent
起下钻阻卡 || blockage during tripping
气液表面能 || gas-liquid interface energy
迁移 || migration
前置液 || prepad fluid
铅(Pb) lead
潜在因素 || implicit factor
潜山 || buried hill
浅高压气层 || shallow high pressure gas formation
浅海 || shallow-water , neritic area
浅井 || shallow well
嵌段聚合物 || block polymer
欠饱和盐水钻井液 || unsaturated salt water drilling fluid
欠平衡钻井 || underbanlanced drilling
欠压实 || uncompaction
羟基 || hydroxy
羟基水 || hydroxy water
羟丙基淀粉 || hydroxypropul starch
羟乙基纤维素 || hydroxyethyl cellulose
强造浆软泥岩 || high mud making soft shale
桥堵剂 || bridge additive
切力 || shearing force
侵入深度 || invasion depth
侵蚀 || erosion
亲核化学吸附 || nucleophyllic chemical adsorption
亲水环境 || hydrophilic environment
亲水性 || hydrophilcity
亲油性 || lipophilic
氢 || hydrogen
氢氟酸 || hydrofluoric acid
氢键 || hydrogen bond
氢氧化钠 || alkali
氢氧化钙 || calcium hydroxide
清扫液 || sweeping fluid
清水 || clear water
清洗剂 || cleaning agent
蜻纶 || acrylon fiber
蜻纶费丝 || nitrilon
倾角 || dip angle
丘陵 || hill type
球形胶束 || roundness glues
区块 || block
屈服强度 || shear strength
屈服值 || yielding point
曲边三角形 || curved line trangle
取代度 || substituted ratio
取芯 || core,coring operation
取芯进尺 || coring footage
取芯收获率 || coring recovery rate
曲线 || curve
去除 || wipe off
醛 || aldehyde

R
热采井 || thermal production wells
热分析 || thermoanalysis
热滚 || hot aging
热滚分散实验 || roller oven test , hot rolling test
热力学 || thermodynamics
热凝橡胶 || coagulative rubber
热效应 || thermal effect ||
热稳定性 || temperature resistance ,heat stability ,stability
at high temperature
热重法(TG) || thermogravimetry
人工神经网络 || artificial neural network
韧性 || tenacity
韧性粒子 || tenacity particle
日产气 || daily gas
融合 || amalgamation
溶洞 || cave
溶胶 || sol
溶解氧 || dissolved oxygen
溶蚀 || corrode
溶蚀性孔洞 || solution cave ||
溶液 || solution
柔性棒状胶束 || flexibility claviform glues
蠕虫状胶束 || vermiculate glues
乳滴聚结实验 || emulsion drop aggregation test
乳化 || emulsify ,emulsion
乳化剂 || emulsifier
乳化钻井液 || emulsion drilling fluid
乳化作用 || emulsification
入井液 || working fluid
软化点沥青 || softening point asphalt
软泥岩 || soft mudstone
软件包 || software package
润滑剂 || lubricant
润滑仪 || lubricity tester
润湿反转 || wetting transition , wettability reversed
润湿性 || wettability
弱面 || weak plane

S
塞流顶替 || plug-flow displacement
3r/min读值 || 3r/m reading
三高一适当(3H1S) || three high and one proper
三磺饱和盐水泥浆 || three-sulfonated-polymer-saturated-brine mud
三钾胺 || dimethyl amine
三甲基单烯丙基氯化铵 || trimethyl allyl ammonium chloride
三维网状结构 || three-dimensional network structure
三乙醇胺 || triethavolamine
散射 || scatter
铯 || cesium
射孔 || perforation
射孔液 || perforation fluid
X-射线计算机层析技术(CT) || computerized tomography
沙砾岩 || glutenite
砂泥岩 || sand shale
砂岩 || sand ,sandstone
杀菌剂 || bacteriostat
筛管 || screen pipe
上泵容易 || easy pumpability
上部地层 || upper formation /segment
上古生界 || upper palaeozoic
上升趋势 || escalating trend
上下密度差 || difference of densities
上下限 || top and bottom limitation
上游领域 || upstream
扫描电镜 (SEM) || scanning electronic microscope
设计 || design
设计原理 || design principle
神经网络 || nerve network
深穿透射孔枪弹 || deep penetrating bullet
深度 || depth
深井钻井 || deep drilling
深探井 || exploration well
渗流 || phase flow s
渗漏 || leakage
渗透 || peculation `
渗透率 || fluid permeability
渗透率各向异性 || permeability anisotropy
渗透率恢复值 || return permeability
渗透水化 || osmotic hydration ||
渗透性地层 || permeable formation
渗析纯化  purified by dialysis method
声波测井 || sonic logging
声幅值 || acoustic amplitude
生产能力 || production capacity
生态环境 || ecology environment
生物处理 || biological treatment
生物毒性 || biotoxicity
生物降解 || biological degradation
生物聚合物 || biological polymer ,xanthan
生物流化床法 biological fluid bed method
生物滤池法 || bio-filter process
生物转盘法 || biological rotary method
实验 || trail
十八醇 || octadecanol
失水 || water loss
失重 || weightlessness, || weight loss
时间推移技术 || time delaying method
石膏 || gypsolyte, gypsum
石灰 || lime
石蜡 || alpha , paraffin wax
石炭系 || carboniferous system
石英 || quartz
石油加工 || oil refinery
石油裂化 || petroleum cracking process
施工作业 || field operation ||
事故率 || failure rate
湿挤压 || wet-extrusion
室内模拟实验 || simulating lab test
室内实验和现场 || lab and field
室内研究 || laboratory study
室温 || ambient temperature
适量 || defined amount ||
适应温度 || reaction temperature
示踪分析法 || mud filtrate tracer analysis
释放 || release
收缩 || shrink
疏水性 || hydrophobicity
叔胺盐 || tertiary ammonium salt
数据库 || data base
数学模型 || mathematical model
数字模拟 || digital analog
塑料小球 || plastic beads
树脂 || resin, || colophony s
束缚 || irreducible
束缚水 || bond water
衰变 || decay
瞬时滤失 || instantaneous filtration , spurt loss
瞬时速度 || instantaneous velocity
双层组合套管固井技术 || pipe-in-pipe casing string
双电层斥力 || double electrode layer repulsion
双分支侧钻水平井 || bi-lateral sidetracking horizontal well
水包油型乳化液 || oil-in-water fluid
水不溶物 || water insoluble matter
水层 || water layer
水化 || hydration
水化膨胀分散 || hydrous disintegration
水化抑制剂 || hydrate control
水泥环 || cement sheath
水泥浆 || cement slurry
水泥石 || set cement
水泥熟料 || cement clinker
水泥早强剂 || cement hardener
水解 || hydration
水解度 || hydrolyzing degree
水力学 || hydraulics
水基泥浆 || water-base drilling fluid
水敏性 || water sensitivity
水平井段 || net horizontal section
水平井段长 || extended horizontal depth
水平井偏心环空 || horizontal eccentric annulus
水平位移 || horizontal displacement
水溶性 || water-soluble
水溶液 || aqueous solution
水锁 || water lock
水眼粘度 || bit nozzle viscosity ,Casson high shear viscosity
锶 || strontium
四苯硼酸钠 || sodium tetraphenyl borate
四级固控系统 || four stage solid control system
四球机 || four-ball instrument
松弛测量法 || relaxation measurement
松散地层 || unconsolidated formation
松散吸附水 || adsorbed water
塑性粘度 || plastic viscosity
塑性水泥 || plastic cement
速度场 || velocity field
速敏 || speed-sensitivity
速凝 || fast setting
速凝剂 || accelerator
酸度计滴定法 || acidometer titration
酸酐 || anhydride
酸碱滴定法 || acid-base titration
酸敏 || acid sensitivity
酸溶性 || acid soluble
酸性条件 || acidic condition
酸性粘土 || acid clay
酸渣 || acid-slug
随钻堵漏 || plugging while drilling
顺利 || go smoothly
缩合 || condensation
缩合共聚 || condensation-copolymerization
缩径 || hole shrinkage ||
羧基 || carboxylic ,carboxyl
羧甲基纤维素钠(Na-CMC) || sodium salt of carboxy methyl-cellulose

T
塔里木盆地 || tarim basin
太古界 || archaeozoic
滩海 || tidal
坍塌 || slough /cave
坍塌压力 || collapse pressure
坍塌页岩 || sloughing shale
弹塑性 || plastoelasticity
弹性力学 || elastic mechanic
弹性模量 || elastic modulus
探井 || prospecting well
碳化 || carbonization
碳酸钙 || calcium carbonate
碳酸氢根离子(HCO3-) || bicarbonate ion
碳酸盐 || carbonate
碳质 || carbon
羰基 || carboxide
陶粒 || ceramsite
套管 || casing
套管壁 || casing wall
套管居中 || casing centralization
套管开窗井段 || window killing section
套管外封隔器 || external casing packer
特低密度 || ultralow density ||
特性粘度 || intrinsic viscosity
梯度 || gradient
梯度多凝水泥浆 || gradient multi-setting cement slurry
提出 || propose
提取 || extraction
体积分布 || volume distribution
体积分散 || volume ratio
体积恢复当量 || equivalent volume
体系 || system
天然或人造 || natural and synthetic
填充粒子 || filler particle
田青粉 || sesbania
调凝剂 || thickening time control agent
调整井 || adjustment well
铁垢 || iron dirty
铁矿粉 || hematite
铁离子(Fe) ferrous ion
铁离子稳定剂 || ferrous stability
铁落木质素磺酸盐 || fer-rochrome lignosulfonte
烃类 || hydro carbons
通井 || drafting process
同时 || simultaneously
同心环空 || concentric annulus
统计 || statistics
统计分析 || statistics analysis
投料比 || rate of charge
土酸 || clay/mud || acid
钍 || thorium
途径 || way
突破 || breakthrough

W
外部因素 || external factors
外源 || exogenous
完井液 || completion fluid
完善井 || improved well
完钻井深 || total depth
烷基化 || alkylate
烷氧基 || alkoxy

 
 



  来源: 作者: 编辑: 潘丹丹

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